36 major historical events that took place during Prince Philip’s lifetime
Prince Philip, The Duke of Edinburgh and Queen Elizabeth II’s husband died yesterday (April 9), aged 99.
He has almost lived a century. Imagine, how many historical events he must have witnessed in his lifetime. Too much to count? Well, we’ve listed them.
1. 1921: The Russian famine started and lasted until 1922.
Famine affected nearly 5 million people and resulted in the Russian Revolution and the Russian Civil War.
2. 1923: The Grand Kanto earthquake in Japan took place.
The earthquake struck mainland Japan on September 1 with a magnitude of 7.9 on the Richter scale. According to accounts, 140,000 lives have been lost.
3. 1928: Amelia Earhart become the first woman to fly a plane across the Atlantic.
She flew from Newfoundland to Wales and became a national heroine and a feminist icon.
4. 1929: Wall Street crushed. It was the worst economic fall in American history.
Stocks plunged, contributing to the Great Depression.
5. 1932: Adolf Hilter become a German citizen.
Seven years after renouncing his Australian nationality, Hitler became a member of the Nazi Party which automatically made him a German citizen.
6. 1939: World War II has begun September 1.
A German battleship opened fire on Polish land at Westerplatte.
7. 1941: A surprise attack on Pearl Harbor was door by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service over the United States.
This event took place on December 7, 1941. The attack kill more than 2,403 US personnel, including 68 civilians.
8. 1945: World War II came to an end.
9. 1947: India won independence of the British Empire.
India said independence on August 15 and it became the largest democracy in the world.
10. 1953: Scientists discover the structure DNA in Cambridge on February 28.
James Watson and Francis Crick announced they discovered the structure of DNA and they were the first to explain how DNA works to replicate and pass genes from one generation to the next.
11. 1958: The United States spear the first satellite in orbit.
Explorer 1 was launched three months after the Soviet Union sent its first satellite, Sputnik, into space.
12. 1963: The 35th President of the United States, John F Kennedy was murdered November 22.
He was killed by Lee Harvey Oswald, a sniper around noon when his motorcade passed through Dealey Plaza in Dallas.
13. 1968: US Minister and civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. was Pull by James Earl Ray on April 4.
His death sparked race riots across the country.
14. 1969: Neil Armstrong become the first person to set foot on the moon.
This event took place on July 20.
15. 1971: Bangladesh won independence from Great Britain in March.
It was known as the Bangladesh Liberation War and India helped liberate the country.
16. 1978: Over 900 people died in one of the world’s worst checked in mass murder-suicides linked to sects on November 18 in Guyana.
Most of the victims drank a powdered drink with cyanide mixed in and they are said to be worshipers of the People’s Temple cult leader Jim Jones, a former Methodist-trained preacher who built a following and led the herd to Guyana.
17. 1983: The the Internet was born on January 1st.
The Internet started in the 1960s, but at that time various computer networks did not have a standard way of communicating with each other. In 1983, a new communication protocol was established.
18. 1984: The infamous Bhopal Gas tragedy took place in India on December 2.
About 30 tonnes of methyl isocyanate (an industrial gas used to make pesticides) was released at a Union Carbide Corp plant. Over 600,000 residents have been exposed to this highly toxic chemical. It has also led to a generation of birth defects.
19. 1986: The Chernobyl disaster, a nuclear accident, took place on Saturday April 26.
It is considered the worst nuclear disaster in history. Chernobyl nuclear power plant reactor number 4 exploded. About 5 million citizens were affected by radiation, as a result of which many lost their lives.
20. 1991: The dissolution of the Soviet Union was held on December 25.
The USSR lasted for 69 years, from 1922 to 1991.
21. 1994: Amazon.com was born on July 5.
Jeff Bezos and his investors launched Amzon.com, an e-commerce website, which introduced us to the future of online shopping. FYI, Bezos is the the richest no one in the world now.
22. 1998: Google was founded on September 4th.
Larry Page, Sergey Brin and other investors launched the Google search engine. And, he has an estimate net value of approximately $ 420 billion as of March 1, 2021.
23. 2000: Opening of the International Space Station on November 2.
24. 2001: A series of coordinated terrorist attacks was carried out by Al-Qaida against the United States on September 9.
The attack took place in several places. The World Trade Center and the Pentagon were part of it. More than 2,977 residents lost their lives.
25. 2004: Facebook was based February 4.
It was founded by Mark Zuckerberg and his roommates (all students of Harvard College). They started a local social networking site when he was only 23 years old. It has now grown into a multi-billion dollar business.
26. 2007: The i-Phone was spear January 9.
The first i-Phone was presented to the world by Steve Jobs. Today, it is considered the most popular branded consumer electronics device in history.
27. 2008: A series of terrorists attacks took place in Mumbai on November 26.
An Islamic terrorist organization carried out 12 coordinated bombings that lasted for four days.
28. 2009: America has its first African-American President January 20- Barack Obama.
Barack Obama was sworn in as the 44th President of the United States. He was president from 2009-2017.
29. 2011: Osama bin Laden is hunted down and kill by the US Navy SEALs on May 2.
Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden was the mastermind of the September 11 terrorist attacks. His body was buried at sea.
30. 2016: Donald Trump is elected as President of the United States on November 9.
He was elected 45th President of the United States.
31. 2019: Hong Kong residents begin to protest against an extradition bill in early March.
This led to other massive protests in Hong Kong throughout the year against China’s involvement in Hong Kong autonomy.
32. 2019: CAA and NRC protests took placee in India after the adoption of the Citizenship Law by the Indian government on December 12th.
This decision sparked global outrage. The protests started in Assam and quickly spread to other states like Delhi, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh and Tripura.
33. 2020: George Flyod’s death gave birth to the Black Lives Matter movement in the United States.
It involved a 46-year-old man who was allegedly killed in Minneapolis, Minnesota, while being arrested for using a counterfeit bill. Apparently, a policeman knelt on Floyd’s neck for 9 minutes and 29 seconds.
34. 2020: COVID was declared a pandemic in March.
The coronavirus was first detected in Wuhan, China, but was declared a pandemic in March 2020, resulting in lockdowns imposed by many countries. The pandemic is still ongoing. More than 135 million people (and more) have been affected.
35. 2021: A coup has begun in Burma on February 1.
The coup took place after democratically elected members of the country’s ruling party, the National League for Democracy (NLD), were toppled by the Burmese military, which then took power into a stratocracy. Widespread protests erupted across the country.
36. 1921-1980: About 62 countries won independence of the United Kingdom since the birth of Prince Philip.
And Australia, Canada, Egypt, Fiji, Guyana and India are included in the list of independent countries.
So much has happened since Prince Philip was born.